Absolute dating of fossils definition
Replacement and Recrystallization - Replacement occurs when the shell, bone or other tissue is replaced with another mineral.A shell is said to be recrystallized when the original skeletal compounds are still present but in a different crystal form, as from aragonite to calcite.Authigenic Mineralisation - A very special form of cast and mold formation where a nodule is formed around the fossil by minerals such as siderite.In cases of rapid fosssilization, very fine details can be preserved.fossil (latin for "obtained by digging") is the preserved remains or traces of organisms (plants, animals, etc) that lived in the distant past.The convention is that a fossil must predate recorded human history.
Another principal used in relative dating that rock layers are deposited sequentially.
Fossilization of an organism requires a unique set of circumstances so that it doesn’t just decay without a trace. Carbonization - Carbonization is a process in which the more volatile substances of the organism (hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen, etc) are removed, leaving behind the carbon.
These fossils typically appear as a thin, dark film on the rock.
Index fossils are fossils that only occurred during a specific time frame.
Typically commonly occurring fossils that had a widespread geographic distribution such as brachiopods, trilobites, and ammonites make the best index fossils.